把学林网设为首页:学海领航,未来共享 学林网咸林书店我的学林学 币模考中心加入收藏
首页
新闻高考 外语 自考 考研 计算机学林在线选课 论坛培训金禾会计 名师佳教 模拟考场 培训指南 资料中心 学林视频
考试会计 法律 建筑 医学 公务员学林问考求职 校园商城会计书店 建筑书店 法律书店 医学书店 考试书店 外语书店
您所在的位置:首 页 >> 资料 >> 试题中心 >> 考研试题 >> 外语 搜索:
2012年研究生入学考试英语真题(一)

www.xuelin.cn  2012-1-13 17:16:55  

2012年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题

National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS

Candidates (NETEM)

  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D]on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  The ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices became an important issue recently. The court cannot_____ its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law______ justices behave like politicians. Yet, in several instances, justices acted in ways that_____ the court’s reputation for being independent and impartial。

  Justices Antonin Scalia and Samuel Alito Jr., for example, appeared at political events. That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions will be____ as impartial judgments. Part of the problem is that the justices are not _____ by an ethics code. At the very least, the court should make itself_______ to the code of conduct that ______to the rest of the federal judiciary。

  This and other cases ______the question of whether there is still a _____ between the court and politics。

  The framers of the Constitution envisioned law____ having authority apart from politics. They gave justices permanent positions ____ they would be free to ____those in power and have no need to_____ political support. Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely _____。

  Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in fundamental social ______like liberty and property. When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it _____is inescapably political — which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily _____ as unjust。

  The justices must _____doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making themselves _____to the code of conduct. That would make their rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and, _____, convincing as law。

  1 A emphasize B maintain C modify D recognize 2 A when B best C before D unless

  3 A rendered B weakened C established D eliminated

  4 A challenged B compromised C suspected D accepted 5. A advanced B caught C bound D founded 6. A resistant B subject C immune D prone 7. A resorts B sticks C leads D applies 8. A evade B raise C deny D settle 9. A line B barrier C similarity D conflict 10. A by B as C through D towards 11. A so B since C provided D though 12. A serve B satisfy C upset D replace 13. A confirm B express C cultivate D offer 14 A guarded B followed C studied D tied

  15. A concepts B theories C divisions D convenience16. A excludes B questions C shapes D controls17. A dismissed B released C ranked D distorted18. A suppress B exploit C address D ignore 19. A accessible B. amiable C agreeable D accountable20. A by all means B at all costs C in a word D as a result

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (40 points)

  Text 2

  TEXT2

  Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessed with the colour, yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives. It is not that pink intrinsically bad, but it is a tiny slice of the rainbow and, though it may celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fused girls’ identity to appearance. Then it presents that connection, even among two-year-olds, between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence. Looking around, despaired at the singular lack of imagination about girls’ lives and interests。

  Girls' attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehow encoded in their DNA, but according to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor of American Studies, it's not. Children were not colour-coded at all until the early 20th century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies wore white as a practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was to boil them. What's more, both boys and girls wore what were thought of as gender-neutral dresses. When nursery colours were introduced, pink was actually considered the more masculine colour, a pastel version of red, which was associated with strength. Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary, constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity. It was not until the mid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant children's marketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it began to seem innately attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female, at least for the first few critical years。

  I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs about their psychological development. Take the toddler. I assumed that phase was something experts developed after years of research into children's behaviour: wrong. Turns out, according to Daniel Cook, a historian of childhood consumerism, it was popularised as a marketing gimmick by clothing manufacturers in the 1930s。

  Trade publications counselled department stores that, in order to increase sales, they should create a "third stepping stone" between infant wear and older kids' clothes. It was only after "toddler" became common shoppers' term that it evolved into a broadly accepted developmental stage. Splitting kids, or adults, into ever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to boost profits. And one of the easiest ways to segment a market is to magnify gender differences – or invent them where they did not previously exist。

  26 By saying "it is ... The rainbow"(line 3, Para 1), the author means pink _______。

  A should not be the sole representation of girlhood

  B should not be associated with girls' innocence

  C cannot explain girls' lack of imagination

  D cannot influence girls' lives and interests

  27 According to Paragraph 2, which of the following is true of colours?

  A Colors are encoded in girls' DNA

  B Blue used to be regarded as the color for girls

  C Pink used to be a neutral color in symbolizing genders

  D White is preferred by babies

  28 The author suggests that our perception of children's psychological devotement was much influenced by ________。

  [A] the marketing of products for children

  [B] the observation of children's nature

  [C] researches into children's behavior

  [D] studies of childhood consumption

  29. We may learn from Paragraph 4 that department stores were advised ________。

  A focuses on infant wear and older kids' clothes

  B attach equal importance to different genders

  C classify consumers into smaller groups

  D create some common shoppers' terms

  30. it can be concluded that girl's attraction to pink seems to be _____。

  A clearly explained by their inborn tendency

  B fully understood by clothing manufacturers

  C mainly imposed by profit-driven businessmen

  D well interpreted by psychological experts

  Part B

  Directions:

  For questions 41-45, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the list A-G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text. Paragraph E has been correctly placed. There is one paragraph which does not fit in with the text. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  Part C

  Directions:

  Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2. ( 10 points)

  Section Ⅲ Writing

  Part A

  51. Directions:

  。。。。。。。

  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the notice. Use "Postgraduates' Association" instead. ( 10 points)

  Part B

  52. Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  describe the picture briefly,

  explain its intended meaning, and

  give your comments。

  You should write neatly on answer sheet 2.

  2012年全国硕士 研究生入学考试英语试题National Entrance Test of English for MA/MSCandidates (NETEM) 跨考英语教研室—杨凤芝Section Ⅰ Use of English  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank

  and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D]on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  The ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices became an important issue

  recently. The court cannot_____ its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of

  law______ justices behave like politicians. Yet, in several instances,

  justices acted in ways that_____ the court’s reputation for being independent

  and impartial。

  Justices Antonin Scalia and Samuel Alito Jr., for example, appeared at

  political events. That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s

  decisions will be____ as impartial judgments. Part of the problem is that

  the justices are not _____ by an ethics code. At the very least, the court

  should make itself_______ to the code of conduct that ______to the rest of the

  federal judiciary。

  This and other cases ______the question of whether there is still a _____

  between the court and politics。

  The framers of the Constitution envisioned law____ having authority apart

  from politics. They gave justices permanent positions ____ they would be free

  to ____those in power and have no need to_____ political support. Our legal

  system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are

  so closely _____。

  Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in

  fundamental social ______like liberty and property. When the court deals with

  social policy decisions, the law it _____is inescapably political — which

  is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily _____ as unjust。

  The justices must _____doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making

  themselves _____to the code of conduct. That would make their rulings more

  likely to be seen as separate from politics and, _____, convincing as law。

  1 A emphasize B maintain C modify D recognize 2 A when B best C before D unless

  3 A rendered B weakened C established D eliminated

  4 A challenged B compromised C suspected D accepted 5. A advanced B caught C bound D founded 6. A resistant B subject C immune D prone 7. A resorts B sticks C leads D applies 8. A evade B raise C deny D settle 9. A line B barrier C similarity D conflict 10. A by B as C through D towards 11. A so B since C provided D though 12. A serve B satisfy C upset D replace 13. A confirm B express C cultivate D offer 14 A guarded B followed C studied D tied

  15. A concepts B theories C divisions D convenience16. A excludes B questions C shapes D controls17. A dismissed B released C ranked D distorted18. A suppress B exploit C address D ignore 19. A accessible B. amiable C agreeable D accountable20. A by all means B at all costs C in a word D as a result

  Section Ⅱ Reading ComprehensionPart A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by

  choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (40 points)

  Text 2

  TEXT2

  Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessed with the

  colour, yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives. It is not that pink

  intrinsically bad, but it is a tiny slice of the rainbow and, though it may

  celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fused girls’

  identity to appearance. Then it presents that connection, even among two-year-olds,

  between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence。

  Looking around, despaired at the singular lack of imagination about girls’

  lives and interests。

  Girls' attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehow encoded in their DNA,

  but according to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor of American Studies,

  it's not. Children were not colour-coded at all until the early 20th

  century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies wore white as a

  practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was to boil

  them. What's more, both boys and girls wore what were thought of as gender-neutral dresses. When nursery colours were introduced, pink was actually

  considered the more masculine colour, a pastel version of red, which was

  associated with strength. Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary,

  constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity. It was not until the

  mid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant

  children's marketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it

  began to seem innately attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female,

  at least for the first few critical years。

  I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception

  of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs about their psychological

  development. Take the toddler. I assumed that phase was something experts

  developed after years of research into children's behaviour: wrong. Turns out,

  according to Daniel Cook, a historian of childhood consumerism, it was

  popularised as a marketing gimmick by clothing manufacturers in the 1930s。

  Trade publications counselled department stores that, in order to increase

  sales, they should create a "third stepping stone" between infant wear and

  older kids' clothes. It was only after "toddler" became common shoppers'

  term that it evolved into a broadly accepted developmental stage. Splitting

  kids, or adults, into ever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to

  boost profits. And one of the easiest ways to segment a market is to

  magnify gender differences –or invent them where they did not previously exist。

  26 By saying "it is ... The rainbow"(line 3, Para 1), the author means pink _______。

  A should not be the sole representation of girlhood

  B should not be associated with girls' innocence

  C cannot explain girls' lack of imagination

  D cannot influence girls' lives and interests

  27 According to Paragraph 2, which of the following is true of colours?

  A Colors are encoded in girls' DNA

  B Blue used to be regarded as the color for girls

  C Pink used to be a neutral color in symbolizing genders

  D White is preferred by babies

  28 The author suggests that our perception of children's psychological

  devotement was much influenced by ________。

  [A] the marketing of products for children

  [B] the observation of children's nature

  [C] researches into children's behavior

  [D] studies of childhood consumption

  29. We may learn from Paragraph 4 that department stores were advised ________。

  A focuses on infant wear and older kids' clothes

  B attach equal importance to different genders

  C classify consumers into smaller groups

  D create some common shoppers' terms

  30. it can be concluded that girl's attraction to pink seems to be _____。

  A clearly explained by their inborn tendency

  B fully understood by clothing manufacturers

  C mainly imposed by profit-driven businessmen

  D well interpreted by psychological experts

  Part B

  Directions:

  For questions 41-45, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the list

  A-G and fill them into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text. Paragraph

  E has been correctly placed. There is one paragraph which does not fit in with

  the text. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  Part C

  Directions:

  Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments

  into Chinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  ( 10 points)

  Section Ⅲ Writing  Part A

  51. Directions:

  。。。。。。。

  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the notice. Use "Postgraduates'

  Association" instead. ( 10 points)

  Part B

  52. Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your

  essay,you should

  1) describe the picture briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and

  3) give your comments。

  You should write neatly on answer sheet 2.


(网络编辑:郑朝晖)
更多
版权声明 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
如果本站所转载内容不慎侵犯了您的权益,请与我们联系QQ:1259095333,我们将会及时处理。如转载本站内容,请注明来源:学林网
相关信息
·装甲兵工程学院2013硕士研招简章
·2013北京机电研究所攻读硕士研招简章
·中国科学院研究生院2013年硕士招生简章
·2013北京师范大学学术型硕士研招简章
·2013外交学院硕士研究生招生简章
·2013西北工业大学硕士研究生招生简章
·2013贵州民族大学硕士研究生招生简章
·另类解读:女生考研优势劣势
·学林考研:教你如何度过考研的非常时期
考试用书 更多...
.
新闻中心
· 我国将打破教师资格终身制 或需每5年考
· 旭尔教育:中考英语作文十大常见错误分
· 异地高考三大准入条件被指苛刻
· 教育部:随迁子女异地高考须满足3条件
· 正保远程教育三财季净利130万美元
· 日本将正式拥有钓鱼岛 中国三大军区军
· 学林考研:教你如何度过考研的非常时期
· 重庆、福建公务员招考17日开始报名
视觉焦点
医学网校2012医师资格
  医学网校2012医师资格
  2012年临床/口腔/公卫/中医/中西医执业医师考试网上辅导火爆热招[详细]
· 医学网校2012医师资格考试辅导招生方案
· 中国会计在线:中国注册会计师协会公告
· 2011年注册会计师考试成绩查询入口
.
学习博客
2013年考研人要避...
  2013年考研人要避...
  考研学习是身心共同活动,而且在这个活动中,心理占有主要地...[详细]
· 2013年考研人要避免心理疲劳
· 2010年与2009年一级建造师考试教材对比汇总
· 浅谈一下中医执业医师考试的学习方法
学林品牌
会 计 初级职称 | 中级职称 | CPA考试 | 注  税
  高  会 | 会计从业 | 资产评估 | 继续教育
医 学 卫生资格 | 执业医师 | 执业药师 | 医学考研
建 筑 一级建造师 | 二级建造师 | 监理工程师
  造价工程师 | 安全工程师 | 咨询工程师
法 律 法律顾问 | 司法考试 | 法律聚焦 | 法律硕士
考 研 考研数学 | 考研英语 | 考研政治 | 综合辅导
自 考 名师辅导 | 自考胜经 | 成考指南 | 历年试题
人 事 公 务 员 | 报 关 员 | 商务师 | 职称计算机
英 语 职业外语 | 四 六 级 | 外语考试 | 留学频道
学林网:学林远程教育 模拟考场 咸林书店 会计教育在线 建筑教育在线 医学教育在线 自考教育在线 法律教育在线 考研教育在线 外语教育在线
学林网 版权所有 关于我们 | 联系我们 | 付款方式 | 友情链接
地址:陕西省西安市太白南路113号崇立金世园10层10-9室(西安文理学院对面/太白南路与科创路沙井村丁字口)
咸林书店:陕西省西安市太白北路西北大学西门对面 邮编:710068
咨询电话:029-86693890 029-86695995 邮箱:ks@xuelin.cn QQ:点击这里给我发消息
Copyright © 2006-2011 www.xuelin.cn Inc All Rights Reserved  网站备案号:陕ICP备06009044号
    xuelin.net学林远程教育为陕西省工商行政管理局批准登记的独立法人企业